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I. H. Latif

Air Chief Marshal Idris Hasan Latif (b.9 June 1923) was a chief of air staff of the Indian Air Force, having served as such from 1978 to 1981. After retirement, he has also served as the governor of the Indian state of Maharashtra (1982–85) and later as the Indian ambassador to France (till 1988). He was the first and only Indian Muslim to become the head of the Indian Air Force, or of any Indian armed force.

Latif was born in Hyderabad school team uniforms, Andhra Pradesh into a Sulaimani Bohra family in 1923. His father was Mr. Hasan Latif, chief engineer of the erstwhile Hyderabad State. He was educated at the prestigious Nizam College, Hyderabad, and is also a graduate of the Defence Services Staff College. Wellington, and the National Defence College running belts.

Air Chief Marshal Latif was commissioned into the Royal Indian Air Force in 1942, and took part in the Burma Campaign on the Arakan Front during World War II. Later, he was a member of the Indian Advisory Group to Indonesia that helped the Indonesian Air Force induct jet fighters. Latif also served as Air Defence commander and Senior Air staff officer in Eastern Air Command. During 1961-65, Latif was the air attaché at the Indian embassy in Washington D.C. During the 1971 Indo-Pakistani war, he was Assistant Chief of Air Staff (plans). In 1971, he was awarded the Param Vishisht Seva Medal. In 1974, Latif was promoted to the rank of Air Marshal and posted as air officer in charge, administration, at Air Headquarters. He led Air Force relief operations during the Patna floods in 1975. In 1977, then Air Marshal Latif was posted as vice chief of air staff and took over as chief of air staff on 1 September 1978.

After retirement from active military service, Air Chief Marshal IH Latif was appointed as Governor of the Indian State of Maharashtra, on 6 March 1982, completing his tenure on 16 April 1985. Following this, Air Chief Marshal IH Latif was appointed Ambassador of India to France, a post he held until 1988. Then he was residing in Hyderabad.

He was married to Bilkees I. Latif, a noted social worker.


Yunganggrotterne (云冈石窟, pinyin: Yúngāng shíkū) ved Datong i Shanxi-provinsen i Kina er sammen med Mogaogrotterne og Longmengrotterne en af de tre mest berømte antikke skulptursteder i Kina.

I 2001 blev Yunganggrotterne opført på UNESCOs Verdensarvliste. De blev til da Datong var hovedstad for det nordlige Wei-dynasti (北魏) under Heping– og Zhengguangæraene. Arbejdet startede i år 460 og pågik til 525.

Da den første kejser besteg tronen i Datong var buddhismen rig og omfattende i landet. Efter at kejser Tai wu døde i 452 fik munken Tan Yao i 460 til opgave at udhugge fem grotter som skulle være center for buddhistisk kunst i det nordlige Kina. Dette arbejde skal bl.a. være udført sammen med fem indiske munke.

Mellem årene 471 og 494 var tilbedelsen af Buddha udbredt blandt adelen og ved hoffet, og da blev tolv flere grotter udhugget og Chongfutemplet bygget tenderizers in baking. Selv efter at det hof-finansierede arbejde var afsluttet i 525, kom munke med lavere rang for at fortsætte med hugge nye grotter. Disse grotter er mindre end de tidligere, mange af dem små og der er over 200af dem school team uniforms.

Under Liao-dynastiet blev der bygget en del af statuerne fornyet og man byggede de « 10 templer i Yungang » fra 1049 til 1060, som en beskyttelse af hovedgrotterne.

Sammenlagt findes der 252 grotter af varierende størrelser og 51.000 statuer på en strækning på omkring én kilometer rolling meat tenderizer. Ovenfor grotterne findes ruinerne fra et slot, en mur og et forsvarstårn fra Mingdynastiet. Den største statue er 17 meter høj, og den mindste kun 2 centimeter.

De første grotter er i en stil som minder om de indiske chaityas og gandharanstilen. Nogle af de store statuer ser ud til at kunne være influeret af statuerne i Bamiyan i Afghanistan (nu ødelagt af taliban). Man kan også genfinde græsk-romerske, iranske og byzantinske træk. Alle disse stilarter blev blandet med en kinesisk stil, som gør Yunganggrotterne specielle og til en af menneskehedens største kulturskatte tenderizing beef.


Javan Haldane

Javan Haldane of Gwynedd is a fictional character in the Deryni series of historical fantasy novels by Katherine Kurtz.

Javan Jashan Urien Haldane is the fourteenth King of Gwynedd. He is the ninth member of the House of Haldane to serve as king, and the third consecutive Haldane king following the end of the Festillic Interregnum

Colombia 2016 Home PALACIOS 18 Jerseys

Colombia 2016 Home PALACIOS 18 Jerseys




Although neither Javan nor Urien are previously-established royal names within Javan’s family history, the name Jashan does have precedent. Prince Jashan Haldane was the eldest son and heir of King Ifor Haldane, the last Haldane king prior to the Festillic Interregnum.

Javan’s primary motivation is his personal sense of honor and morality, which is integrated with his sense of duty as a royal prince. As a result, he opposes his enemies not only because he finds their actions evil, but also because they have usurped the rightful authority of the crown.

Javan’s main goal is to gain the independence of the throne of Gwynedd from the great lords of state who have seized most of the political authority in the kingdom. In addition, he hopes to halt the Deryni persecutions and undo the social damage they have created.

Javan mostly struggles against his political opponents, particularly Archbishop Hubert MacInnis, Earl Murdoch of Carthane, and Earl Rhun von Horthy of Sheele. In addition, Javan has occasional fraternal conflicts with his younger brother, Prince Rhys Michael Haldane.

Javan is forced to grow up very quickly, often dealing with issues far beyond his years. As a result, many of his childhood beliefs are brutally destroyed as he personally witnesses the brutal and bloody realities of the world. However, Javan learns from each painful experience, and he is able to face his opponents with much greater maturity and cunning than they expect from someone his age.

Javan is born on May 25, 905, the second surviving son of King Cinhil I Haldane and Queen Megan de Cameron, and the younger twin brother of Prince Alroy Haldane. Javan was born with a clubbed right foot, but he learned from a young age to compensate for his disability. By the age of eleven, he was acknowledged as being a better rider and archer than either of his brothers, and he took fierce pride in being able to take part in the same physical training as the other princes. During his childhood, Javan formed a close friendship with Lord Tavis O’Neill, a Deryni Healer who served as both a tutor and a personal physician to the young prince.

The eleven-year-old Javan begins the novel in the care of his personal Healer and friend, Lord Tavis O’Neill. Despite the pain of his clubbed foot, Javan is fiercely determined to become a warrior, but his training often requires Tavis’ ministrations to speed his recovery. On the night of February 1, 917, Javan and his brothers are drugged by Lord Rhys Thuryn, who is acting on the orders of Javan’s father. Later that night, unbeknownst to the princes, King Cinhil performs an arcane ritual to set the Haldane potential in his three sons, but the stress of the ritual results in the death of the aging king. Javan is secretly returned to his quarters, then awakened a short time later to witness the formal declaration of his father’s death.

Over the following months, Javan succeeds in keeping Tavis at his side, despite the attempts of the Regency Council to purge all Deryni from the royal court. Javan’s elder twin Alroy is formally crowned King of Gwynedd on their twelfth birthday in May, and Javan soon begins to discover his own emerging arcane powers. While tending to Tavis after the Healer is attacked by a group of rogue Deryni, Javan discovers that he has acquired mental shields. After the royal court moves to Rhemuth during the summer, Javan helps Tavis recover his memory of the night of Cinhil’s death. Although they confirm Rhys’ involvement in the night’s events, they cannot determine the purpose of Cinhil’s ritual. By mid-October, Javan’s powers continue to develop, and he confesses to Tavis that he has begun to Truth-Read custom glass bottles. Determined to discover the truth, they begin to make plans to interrogate Rhys.

Their opportunity arrives in December, when the royal court travels to Valoret for the election of the new Archbishop of Valoret. After Bishop Alister Cullen is chosen as the new archbishop, Javan and Tavis learn of the Regents’ plan to retaliate against several Deryni abbeys. They warn Rhys of the impending violence, and Javan fakes an illness to summon Rhys to his chambers. After Rhys’ arrival, Tavis drugs him and Javan orders Tavis to probe Rhys’ memory. Although they acquire more detailed information about the events that occurred the night of Cinhil’s death, they are still unable to discover exactly what happened during the ritual. The following morning, Javan learns that the Regents are planning to arrest the bishops, and Rhys eventually convinces Javan to free him and allow him to warn the bishops.

Over the next several days, Javan can only watch helplessly as the Regents seize control of the Holy Church. Eventually, he convinces Tavis to take him to Dhassa through a Deryni Transfer Portal, where he meets with the outlawed bishops and learns of Rhys’ death. They return to Valoret the same night, but Javan soon learns that Regents are about to enact a series of brutal anti-Deryni laws. On the first day of 918, Javan commands Tavis to flee to safety, leaving the young prince to face the Regents alone.

Javan and the rest of the royal court remain in Valoret, delaying their return to Rhemuth until the winter weather breaks. He learns of the deaths of Alister Cullen and Jebediah d’Alcara on January 10, 918, and later makes a clandestine rendezvous with Tavis O’Neill. A week later, Javan assists Tavis and Ansel MacRorie when the two Deryni conduct a secret mission in Valoret Castle, but he discovers the following morning that the mission was interrupted and Ansel identified as a participant. During this time, Javan begins to spend increasing amounts of time in prayer and religious study, a hobby that not only gives him greater access to the Transfer Portal in the archbishop’s quarters but also provides him with a daily reprieve from the close attention of the king’s Regents. The Regents interpret his actions as an emerging religious vocation, and Javan actively encourages this impression, believing that he will attract less notice from the Regents if they believe him to be devoted to a religious life.

Javan’s arcane powers continue to develop through the spring, but he carefully keeps his abilities hidden from the Regents. In addition to his successful use of a Transfer Portal, he also reads the minds and alters the memories of his brother the king, his squire, Charlan Morgan, and Archbishop Hubert MacInnis. The only person at court to learn of Javan’s abilities is Lord Oriel de Bourg, who pledges to protect Javan’s secret in exchange for Javan’s promise to help Oriel’s imprisoned family. After the court returns to Rhemuth, Javan is eventually contacted by Evaine MacRorie Thuryn, and he utilizes his religious studies as a cover for maintaining contact with his Deryni allies. After a bloody incident on his thirteenth birthday in May, Javan embarks on a plan to assist the baptizer cult that the Camberian Council has established to hide Deryni. He travels to Valoret in early June, professing to Archbishop Hubert that he wishes to further explore a religious life. While there, he defies Hubert and participates in the baptismal, openly giving the cult his approval and sanction. Hubert has Javan flogged for his actions, but Javan agrees to take temporary religious vows to further convince Hubert of the prince’s emerging priestly vocation. Javan knows that the decision is risky, since it places him under the direct control of Hubert for the next several years. However, it also removes him from the immediate attention of the other Regents, and it will provide him with an excellent scholarly education. On August 1, 918, Javan takes vows as a lay brother of the Custodes Fidei in Valoret with both of his royal brothers in attendance to witness the event.

In the early morning hours of June 23, 921, Javan’s meditation at Arx Fidei Abbey is interrupted by the arrival of his former squire, Sir Charlan Morgan, and a company of royal troops. Charlan informs Javan that he has been sent by Javan’s brother, Prince Rhys Michael, to bring Javan back to Rhemuth immediately. Aware that his elder twin, King Alroy, is dying, Javan defies the abbot of the abbey and returns to Rhemuth with Charlan. After his arrival, Javan is greeted by Rhys Michael and the two brothers immediately go to their eldest brother’s side. Javan shares a final brief conversation with Alroy, and the young king dies shortly thereafter. At an Accession Council later that day, an attempt is made to pass over Javan as the next king when claims are made that Javan’s religious vows bar him from the throne. However, Javan quickly faces down the challenge and disproves the allegation, claiming the throne with the vocal support of Rhys Michael and several nobles and knights.

Javan quickly re-establishes contact with his Deryni allies, secretly meeting with Father Joram MacRorie the following night. Two nights later, Javan’s Haldane potential is fully activated by Joram, Dom Queron Kinevan, and Javan’s old friend, Tavis O’Neill. As Javan settles back into life at court over the next month, he attempts to secure his own political authority without provoking open conflict with the former Regents, who still wield much of the ecclesiastical and secular power in the realm. Javan and his allies succeed in establishing a new Transfer Portal in Rhemuth Castle in late July, and Javan is formally crowned King of Gwynedd on July 31. Several weeks later, Javan discovers his brother dallying with Lady Michaela Drummond in the castle gardens. All too aware that another Haldane heir would only increase the danger that the brothers face, Javan commands Rhys Michael to stay away from Michaela until their situation is more stable. Rhys Michael refuses to believe that the former Regents are as dangerous as Javan claims, but he reluctantly agrees to follow Javan’s orders.

The king continues his uneasy dance of power with his lords of state into the autumn, often clashing with them over various political and religious points. In November, Javan learns that Rhys Michael has been kidnapped by Deryni bandits led by Ansel MacRorie. Two weeks later, Javan reads Archbishop Hubert’s mind and discovers that Rhys Michael’s « captivity » was staged by the former Regents, with the goal of securing a marriage and eventual heir from Rhys Michael aluminium drink bottle. The plan is ultimately successful, as Michaela tends to the unwitting prince’s wounds and soon consummates their marriage. By the time Rhys Michael and his new bride return to Rhemuth in December, Javan can do nothing but accept his new sister-in-law.

The following spring, Javan begins attempts to free the families of the Deryni collaborators that are still being held prisoner. However, one such collaborator, Sitric, attacks Oriel, forcing Javan and Guiscard de Courcy to kill Sitric with magic. Another collaborator, Ursin O’Carroll, is murdered after Javan negotiates his release with the former Regents. Nonetheless, Javan decides to take Sitric’s and Ursin’s families to the baptizer cult near Valoret, hoping that their participation in the baptismal will convince Hubert to set the free. However, shortly after the royal party’s arrival at the river, the former Regents launch a joint attack on both the cult and Javan. The king can only watch helplessly as both Revan and Tavis are slain, and he is soon forced to engage in a desperate fight for his own life. Although Javan and his knights fight bravely, they are eventually overwhelmed, and Javan dies in the arms of his loyal friend, Sir Charlan Morgan. King Javan Haldane is killed on May 11, 922, at the age of 16. He is succeeded by his younger brother, Prince Rhys Michael Haldane.

The recurring theme of Javan’s life is his struggle to overcome extremely difficult obstacles, the first of which is his clubbed foot. From an early age, Javan is forced to deal with not only the physical limitations of his foot, but also the negative opinions of those at court who believe that his deformed foot makes him unworthy to be king. While Javan does not agree with that particular opinion, he does believe that his foot is a sign of divine displeasure, a curse that God inflicted upon him for his father’s sins. Nonetheless, Javan refuses to allow the opinions of others (or himself) to deter him from his goals. Despite the pain of his foot, he doggedly takes part in the same martial training as his brothers, determined to become a capable warrior in his own right. In the end, he is ultimately successful, achieving much greater martial prowess than many had believed possible.

Javan’s second major obstacle is his battle against the lords of state, and it is another struggle filled with difficult obstacles. When the Regents first come to power, Javan is the underage brother of an underage king school team uniforms, a position which provides him with virtually no authority or power to fight the Regents’ avarice. By the time Javan reaches his legal majority, he is a lay brother under religious vows of obedience. Even when Javan eventually becomes king in his own right, the former Regents have had several years to secure their positions of power in the realm. Nonetheless, Javan continues to fight against them at every stage, refusing to back down and allow them to retain control of his family’s throne. He uses every available resource and weapon at his command to continue the battle, often forced to fight alone against a group of men much older and much more experienced than him. Although Javan wins several individual battles, he is ultimately unable to win the war, as the Regents are simply too powerful and too numerous for the young king to defeat. Despite his tragic ending, Javan is a heroic figure, often portrayed as fighting for a righteous cause with bravery and courage.

Flem D. Sampson

Flemon Davis « Flem » Sampson (January 23, 1875 – May 25, 1967) was the 42nd Governor of Kentucky, serving from 1927 to 1931. He graduated from Valparaiso University in 1894, and opened a law practice in Barbourville, Kentucky. He formed a political alliance with future congressmen Caleb Powers and John Robsion, both prominent Republicans in the eastern part of the state. By 1916, he was serving on the Kentucky Court of Appeals—the state’s highest court—having previously served as a county judge and circuit court judge. In 1923, he was elevated to chief justice of the Court of Appeals. He served until 1927, when he became the Republican gubernatorial nominee.

The Democrats nominated former governor and senator J. C. W. Beckham to challenge Sampson. The primary issue in the campaign was whether to outlaw parimutuel betting at the state’s racetracks. Beckham favored the ban, while Sampson opposed it. A political machine known as the Jockey Club backed Sampson, and several key Democrats bolted the party after Beckham’s nomination. Sampson won the governorship by over 32,000 votes, but every other Republican on the ticket lost by small majorities. The results suggested that some carefully coordinated vote swapping had occurred to ensure Beckham’s defeat, but none was ever proven.

Sampson’s term in office was a tumultuous one. The 1928 legislature was dominated by Democrats and was not particularly responsive to Sampson’s proposals. After the session, Sampson was indicted for accepting gifts from textbook companies, but the charges were later dropped

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. In 1929, Sampson removed Democratic political boss Ben Johnson from his post as highway commissioner. When legislators reconvened in 1930, they retaliated by stripping Sampson of many of his appointment powers and reinstalling Johnson to his post. Later in the session, Sampson proposed to allow Samuel Insull to dam the Cumberland Falls to generate hydroelectric power. The General Assembly instead voted to accept an offer from T. Coleman du Pont to purchase the falls and turn them into a state park. The Assembly voted to further restrict Sampson’s powers in 1930. The end of Sampson’s term was complicated by the economic realities of the Great Depression. He called out the Kentucky National Guard to quell a violent mine strike in Harlan County known as the Battle of Evarts. Following his term, Sampson returned to Barbourville and was re-elected as a circuit court judge. He died May 25, 1967 and was buried in Barbourville Cemetery.

Flem Sampson was born in a log cabin near London, Kentucky in Laurel County, the ninth of ten children born to Joseph and Emoline (Kellam) Sampson. He was educated in the county’s public schools and the John T. Hays school. The family moved to Barbourville, Kentucky when Sampson was thirteen.

By age sixteen, Sampson was teaching at Indian Creek School in Laurel County. He attended Union College in Barbourville, then enrolled at Valparaiso University. He was class president for three years, and earned an A running drink bottle belt.B. in 1894. Per university policy, he was also awarded and an LL.B. because, prior to graduation, he had studied for at least one year in a law office. He returned to Kentucky and was admitted to the bar in June 1895.

Sampson established his legal practice in Barbourville, where he became the city attorney. Caleb Powers, who had been Sampson’s college roommate, now joined him as a partner in his law firm. Powers would later be accused of complicity to the assassination of Governor William Goebel. Because Powers was convicted by a partisan jury, he became a political martyr to many Republicans, and Sampson’s connection to him became a boon in heavily Republican eastern Kentucky.

Sampson later served as president of Barbourville’s First National Bank; he was the youngest person ever to hold the position. He also served as president of the Barbourville Water-works Company. On September 20, 1897, he married Susie Steele; the couple had three daughters—Pauline, Emolyn, and Helen Katherine.

Sampson’s political career began in 1906 when he was elected county judge of Knox County, Kentucky, a position he held for four years. In 1911, he was elected to the circuit court of the 34th Judicial District. He was re-elected to this post in 1916, but later that year, he was elected to the Kentucky Court of Appeals, then the court of last resort in Kentucky. He represented Kentucky’s Seventh Appellate District, and was elevated to chief justice on January 1, 1923. He was re-elected to the court in 1924.

Sampson and Congressman John M. Robsion organized a formidable Republican faction in the eastern part of Kentucky. In 1927 school team uniforms, Sampson was a candidate for the Republican gubernatorial nomination. His opponent was Robert H. Lucas, a tax collector for the Internal Revenue Service. Lucas secured the support of Kentucky senators Frederic M. Sackett and Richard P. Ernst, while Sampson was backed by longtime supporter John M. Robsion and the Jockey Club, a coalition of leaders who supported parimutuel betting on horse races. Sampson won the primary by a margin of 39,375.

The Democratic party was badly divided over the parimutuel betting issue as well as prohibition, and a severance tax on coal. The prohibitionist and anti-gambling faction of the Democratic Party—with the help of Louisville Courier-Journal editor Robert Worth Bingham—united to make former governor and senator J. C. W. Beckham the party’s gubernatorial nominee. Following Beckham’s nomination, many pro-gambling and anti-prohibition Democrats hurried to the support of Sampson. Sitting Democratic governor William J. Fields, who had been elected with help from the Jockey Club, was very passive in the campaign and refused to support Beckham.

The campaign was particularly contentious. Sampson contrasted his humble roots with Beckham’s aristocratic ones, declaring « I’m just plain old Flem. When I’m elected governor of Kentucky, come into my office and sit down and say ‘Howdy Flem’. » He also trumpeted his own moral purity, claiming he « never smoked, chewed, drank, gambled – not even bet on an election. » He promised, however, to protect horse racing in the Commonwealth. In response, Sampson’s opponents dubbed him « Flem-Flam Flem ».

Sampson won the election by a majority of over 32,000 votes, although every other Republican candidate lost by small margins. In the lieutenant governor’s race, Democrat James Breathitt, Jr. defeated Sampson’s running mate, E. E. Nelson, by 159 votes out of more than 700,000 cast. It was estimated that the Jockey Club spent half a million dollars to defeat Beckham and the large majority for Sampson versus the close defeat of all other Republican candidates suggested some type of fraud, although none was ever proven.

During the 1928 legislative session, it became clear that the bipartisan support shown for Sampson had been one of political convenience rather than true conviction. Among the minor accomplishments of the session were the creation of the Kentucky Progress Commission (the forerunner of the State Department of Commerce) and the adoption of « My Old Kentucky Home » as the state song. The Democratic General Assembly sanctioned Sampson’s plan for free textbooks, but did not fund it. Proposals to ban parimutuel betting and the teaching of evolution in the state’s schools were both defeated. Kentucky historian James C. Klotter called the 1928 legislative session « almost a ‘do-nothing’ session ». Following the session, a grand jury indicted Sampson for accepting gifts from the textbook companies, but the indictment was eventually dismissed.

The first major controversy of Sampson’s administration was over the selection of the state’s highway commissioner. The Highway Department employed over ten thousand people and spent nearly 45% of the state’s budget. Legislators’ votes could often be bought with promises of new road construction in their districts. Thus, the department became a primary vehicle for dispensing patronage to political supporters. Sampson’s predecessor, Governor Fields, had chosen retired congressman and Democratic political boss Ben Johnson to head the department, and Sampson had agreed to retain him in exchange for his support against Beckham. However, Sampson felt that such a powerful position could not be left in the hands of a Democrat, and he removed Johnson from office in December 1929.

Democrats in the General Assembly were outraged. When the 1930 legislative session convened, they immediately passed a bill that stripped Sampson of his power to appoint a highway commissioner, giving it to a three-person commission composed of the governor, lieutenant governor, and attorney general. The Republican Sampson would be outnumbered and outvoted in this group. Confident that the Democrats would not lose another gubernatorial election, Democratic legislators stipulated in the bill that the appointment power would return to the governor in 1931, the end of Sampson’s term. The law passed the House by a vote of 53—42 and the Senate by a vote of 22—15. Sampson vetoed the bill, but the veto was overridden, and Johnson was returned to his former position.

Sampson also made enemies when he backed Samuel Insull’s plan to dam the Cumberland Falls to generate hydroelectric power. An ally of the traditional southern power groups—the utility companies and textbook manufacturers—Sampson cited the jobs to be gained from the plan. The plan was opposed conservationists in the state and by most of the state’s newspapers. An alternate plan was proposed by Louisville-born millionaire and Delaware senator T. Coleman du Pont, who offered to purchase the falls for $230,000 and turn it into a state park. The General Assembly passed legislation giving the state park commission the right of eminent domain over the falls, then voted to accept the du Pont’s offer. Sampson vetoed the Assembly’s action, but his veto was overridden.

Sampson’s agenda for the 1930 session was lost in the fights over Ben Johnson and Cumberland Falls. His calls for funding the free textbook program, compulsory sterilization of the mentally ill, and restrictions on chain stores were ignored. Instead, the legislature continued eroding his gubernatorial powers, including the power to appoint members of the textbook commission. With nearly all of the governor’s powers stripped away and given to a three-person commission, Lieutenant Governor James Breathitt, Jr. became the de facto governor for the remainder of Sampson’s term. The General Assembly pursued its own agenda, passing a mandatory driver’s license law, a revised election law, and a sales tax on retail stores. They also allocated funding for the purchase of what would become Mammoth Cave National Park. Sampson vetoed 12 bills during the 1930 session, but the legislature overrode 11 of them.

With the onset of the Great Depression, Sampson worked to control government costs, but endorsed highway progression. A severe drought in 1930 left 86 of Kentucky’s counties applying for federal aid. As unemployment in the eastern coal fields climbed to 40 percent, the United Mine Workers made their first inroads in the region. In 1931, mine owners began firing workers who joined the union. Many of these workers gathered in Evarts, Kentucky. The local sheriff added 26 deputies to his staff, helping enforce the blacklisting of these miners and discourage further organization. Union leaders petitioned Sampson to remove the sheriff and the county judge from office. Violent squabbles between striking union miners and local authorities began as early as mid-April 1931. On May 5, 1931, three guards and a miner were killed in a shootout that became known as the Battle of Evarts. Two days later, Sampson called in the National Guard to disarm both the mine guards and the union miners. All of the union’s leaders were arrested, and the strike ultimately failed.

Following his term as governor, Sampson returned to his legal practice in Barbourville, and was elected as a circuit court judge. In 1940, he once again sought election to the Kentucky Court of Appeals, but was defeated in the Republican primary by Eugene Siler. In 1957, he was appointed to the Citizens’ Advisory Highway Committee, and was awarded the Governor’s Medallion for distinguished public service in 1959.

At the age of ninety-one, Sampson served on the State Constitutional Revision Committee. He died in Pewee Valley, Kentucky on May 25, 1967, and was buried at the Barbourville Cemetery.

^[a] Powell gives the name as « Kellums. »
^[b] Powell gives the year as 1899.

Championnat de France de football D2 1948-1949


Le Championnat de France de football D2 1948-1949 avec une poule unique de 20 clubs, voit l’attribution du titre au RC Lens, qui accède en première division en compagnie des Girondins de Bordeaux. Le FC Sarrebruck est le 20e club participant cette année-là au championnat de D2, mais ses résultats ne sont pas comptabilisés.

# position ; V victoires ; N match nuls ; D défaites ; bp:bc buts pour et buts contre

Victoire à 2 points

Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, le statut de la Sarre reste flou, et certains membres du gouvernement français rêvent d’annexion. Le football joue un rôle important dans cette affaire car les autres disciplines refusent longtemps les oppositions franco-allemandes. À partir de 1948, les rencontres sportives franco-allemandes reprennent avec la bénédiction du Bureau des Sports. Ces matches ont, dans un premier temps, lieu uniquement en Allemagne ; la venue de sportifs allemands en France reste encore problématique face à une opinion publique défavorable. La Sarre joue alors un rôle d’intermédiaire.

En 1948, le FC Sarrebruck est invité à rencontrer l’exempt de chaque journée de D2 1948–1949 (19 clubs cette saison-là) en match amical. Les clubs français alignent généralement leurs réserves à l’occasion de ces rencontres même pas annoncées dans les médias meat tenderizer machine electric. France Football n’annonce ainsi ni les matches, ni les résultats et le classement de D2 publié chaque semaine par FF ne prend pas en compte Sarrebruck. Certaines sources modernes précisent que Sarrebruck est « champion non officiel », mais c’est un grave contre-sens top bpa free water bottles. Quand un athlète étranger est invité à participer à un championnat de France (très courant en athlétisme ou natation), il n’est pas bombardé « champion non officiel » en cas de victoire. real football jerseys..

Le FC Sarrebruck demande son affiliation à la FFF le . Cette demande soutenue par le président de la FFF Jules Rimet et par le gouvernement français est rejetée par les clubs professionnels et nombre de Ligues régionales. Le gouvernement français soutient également cette requête visant à intégrer l’ensemble du football sarrois à la FFF. Le conseil fédéral de la FFF donne son accord le 20 juin. Outre les réactions attendues des clubs alsaciens et mosellans, c’est l’ensemble des clubs professionnels français qui s’oppose à cette intégration de la Sarre. Le conseil fédéral du 23 juillet donne ainsi une quasi unanimité contre l’intégration de la Sarre et du FC Sarrebruck, pourtant jugé d’« intérêt national » par le gouvernement français. Jules Rimet, qui admet plus tard avoir privilégié la politique au sport dans ce dossier, est contraint de quitter ses fonctions de président de la FFF et est remplacé par Emmanuel Gambardella school team uniforms, également président de la Ligue.

Le FC Sarrebruck a participé au championnat, mais a été classé hors concours, avec le classement établi à partir des résultats suivants :



De viool is een snaarinstrument met vier snaren. Het is het kleinste lid van de vioolfamilie, en heeft het hoogste bereik. De klank wordt voortgebracht door de snaren in trilling te brengen met een strijkstok (arco), of door te tokkelen met de vingers (pizzicato). De houten klankkast dient om het geluid van de trillende snaren te versterken. De viool wordt doorgaans bespeeld door het instrument tussen kin en schouder te klemmen en met de vingers van de linkerhand de snaren af te drukken tegen de ebbenhouten toets om zodoende de snaar te verkorten (en dus hoger te doen klinken).

Wie de eerste viool heeft gemaakt, is onbekend. Algemeen wordt aangenomen dat de viool rond 1550 in Italië ontstond in de vioolbouwcentra Brescia en Cremona. In de middeleeuwen bestonden er veel verschillende snaarinstrumenten. Sommige werden getokkeld, zoals de luit, andere werden gestreken, zoals de vedel en de rebec, een smal peervormig instrument. Ook de elegante lira da braccio, die al de vorm van de huidige viool had, kan als een voorloper worden beschouwd.

De vier snaren zijn normaliter gestemd in reine kwinten, van laag naar hoog: G (g), D (d’), A (a’), E (e ») (Ezelsbruggetje: Geef De Aap Eten).

In sommige gevallen wordt door de componist een afwijkende stemming (ofwel ‘scordatura’) voorgeschreven. Ook zal een violist(e) bij samenspel met een anders gestemd instrument, de stemming van de snaren aanpassen.

De G-, D- en A-snaar zijn meestal van kunststof, omwikkeld met metaalfolie en titanium, en slechts zelden is er sprake van een stalen snaar. Ook komen snaren voor die vervaardigd zijn uit schapendarm. De E-snaar is doorgaans van massief metaal. Vroeger werd alleen schapendarm gebruikt. Door de gebrekkige technologie waren snaren moeilijk homogeen te maken, hetgeen de klank negatief beïnvloedde. De tegenwoordige darmsnaren hebben dit nadeel niet meer. Darmsnaren zijn wel gevoeliger voor vocht, zodat de viool sneller ontstemd wordt.

De klank van de viool kan worden verzacht door een sordino (houten of kunststof demper) op de kam te zetten. Voor studiedoeleinden kan men de viool heel zacht laten klinken met een zware metalen demper, ook wel hoteldemper genoemd school team uniforms.

Meestal wordt de viool met de strijkstok bespeeld. Naast de strijktechniek (arco) wordt de viool soms ook pizzicato bespeeld (door met een vinger te tokkelen – meestal met de stok in de hand). Een enkele keer wordt col legno gespeeld door met het hout van de strijkstok op de snaren te ‘slaan’.

In orkestwerken zijn meestal twee vioolpartijen aanwezig, de eerste en de tweede viool. Slechts af en toe is een derde vioolpartij aanwezig. De instrumenten zijn identiek, maar de eerste violen krijgen melodieuzere (en vaak wat moeilijkere) partijen te spelen. De altviool is een kwint lager gestemd en heeft meestal een ondersteunende rol.

De leden van de moderne vioolfamilie zijn, van klein naar groot:

De violone, het grootste instrument in de reeks met de laagste klank, is uiterst zeldzaam. In plaats daarvan wordt vrijwel altijd de contrabas gebruikt, die niet tot de vioolfamilie behoort, maar een grotere versie is van de viola da gamba en daarmee een oudere fase in de ontwikkeling vertegenwoordigt.

Oudere viooltypen zijn:

De viool bestaat uit verschillende onderdelen, zoals:

Het bouwen van een viool vereist veel vakmanschap. Doordat een viool haar mooiste klank vaak pas na lang bespelen verkrijgt, zijn vooral de violen van een aantal oudere vioolbouwers beroemd, onder wie Antonio Stradivari, de Amati’s, Carlo Bergonzi, de Guarneri’s, Alessandro Gagliano, de Ruggieri’s en Jacobus Stainer.

Alhoewel de viool een traditioneel instrument lijkt, heeft ze mettertijd veel veranderingen ondergaan. Vele vioolbouwers experimenteerden met eigen ontwerpen met het doel de akoestische eigenschappen van het instrument te ontrafelen.

Onderzoek met behulp van dendrochronologie, gaschromatografie en massaspectrometrie laat toe een oud instrument te dateren. Tevens kan men de herkomst en exacte leeftijd van het hout bepalen.

Een recente ontwikkeling is de elektrische viool. Voor versterking wordt ook vaak gebruikgemaakt van een piëzo-element. Dit heeft als voordeel dat het zeer eenvoudig op de kam van de viool aangebracht kan worden. Het past op iedere willekeurige viool en het richt geen schade aan. Een van de nadelen is dat je niet stil kunt oefenen, omdat de klankkast nog altijd ongewijzigd blijft.

Fender introduceerde in de jaren vijftig de solid body elektrische viool, maar deze werd na enige jaren weer uit de handel genomen wegens gebrek aan populariteit. In de jaren negentig werden er weer elektrische violen geproduceerd door andere fabrikanten.

Men ziet soms ook vijfsnarige violen, al dan niet elektrisch; deze hebben dan, boven op de vier gebruikelijke snaren in G-D-A-E, een dikkere snaar in C zoals bij de altviool.

De Viocta is een achtsnarige viool, vier vioolsnaren en vier altsnaren, van orkestmusicus Willem Wolthuis.

Het bespelen van de viool kan al op zeer jonge leeftijd geleerd worden, meestal via het nemen van vioollessen bij een lokale muziekschool waarbij de leerling ook noten leert lezen. Een bijzondere lesmethode is de Suzukimethode, die inhoudt dat de leerling leert spelen op zijn of haar gehoor, waarbij het lezen van noten niet nodig is.

Men gebruikt voor de fabricage van moderne vioolsnaren schapendarm, teflon, nylon, perlon, titanium, staal, carbon, zilver, goud of natuurzijde youth football jerseys. Veel mensen denken dat vioolsnaren uitsluitend gemaakt zijn van kattendarm. Dat komt door de Engelse vertaling van het woord schapendarm: catgut. ‘Cat’ is een verkorting van het Engelse woord ‘cattle’ dat in het Nederlands vertaald ‘vee’ betekent.

Violen (en met name de studieviolen) worden in een aantal maten gebouwd. De hele viool (4/4) is de meest gangbare, kwartviolen en kleiner worden heel weinig gemaakt. De geschikte maat viool voor kinderen kan gevonden worden uit de lengte van de arm: de viool is niet te groot als de volle hand om de krul geslagen kan worden terwijl de viool onder de kin gehouden wordt.

Voor het onderwijs aan kinderen worden speciale kleinere violen (en cello’s) gebouwd. Men spreekt van 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 violen als deze kleinere maten worden bedoeld. In de Suzukimethode worden deze kleine violen veelvuldig gebruikt, omdat de kinderhand nog geen grote grepen kan uitvoeren. Bij deze kleinere violen worden ook kortere strijkstokken gebruikt.

De viool speelt een belangrijke rol in veel muzikale tradities; vooral in Europa, weliswaar minder in Italië, Spanje en Portugal. Ook in Canada, de Verenigde Staten en Mexico is de viool erg populair. Sommige tradities kennen zelfs eigen varianten op de viool, zoals de Noorse Hardangerviool en de Zweedse Nyckelharpa.

Échangeur de la porte de Bagnolet

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Paris

L’échangeur de la porte de Bagnolet est un échangeur autoroutier situé sur le boulevard périphérique de la ville de Paris en France.

Le principe de construction de cet ensemble est pris en considération par le Conseil général de la Seine le 11 avril 1962. Initialement, le parking et la gare routière devaient être construits de part et d’autre des bretelles de raccordement de l’autoroute au boulevard périphérique : un bâtiment de 7 500 m2 au nord dédié uniquement au stationnement, un bâtiment au sud de 6 500 m2 abritant la gare routière au rez-de-chaussée, un parc de stationnement dans les étages et des locaux à usage administratif ou commercial sur la facade sud-est. Mais, malgré un premier vote favorable le 22 décembre 1961, la ville de Bagnolet décide de profiter de l’opportunité de ce nœud autoroutier pour réaménager le quartier et construire un pôle d’attraction régional dans le domaine des emplois, du commerce et des loisirs. Dans le nouveau plan, le parking de stationnement, la gare routière ainsi que la station de métro sont positionnés à l’intérieur des bretelles et non à l’extérieur. Les travaux de génie civil débutent en mai 1966 et s’achèvent début 1969. Après mise en place des équipements, le complexe est inauguré le 1er décembre 1969.

La réalisation de cet aménagement, dénommé « complexe d’échanges de la Porte de Bagnolet », nécessite le travail en commun de plusieurs maîtres d’ouvrage : l’État pour l’autoroute et ses bretelles de raccordement, le département pour le parking semi-enterré de 2 200 places sur trois niveaux, la RATP pour la station de métro et la gare routière et la ville de Paris pour les aménagements liés au tronçon du boulevard périphérique de 525 mètres de longueur. Le département de Seine-Saint-Denis est le maître d’œuvre unique de l’opération et la direction des études et des travaux est confiée au service départemental des ponts et chaussées (service déconcentré de l’État ayant précédé les directions départementales de l’Équipement créées seulement en mars 1967), en coordination avec l’architecte urbaniste de la ville de Bagnolet.

L’échangeur de la porte de Bagnolet est un complexe routier dont, malgré sa complexité, les voies ne se croisent que sur deux niveaux. Il comporte au total 19 ponts et viaducs différents, représentant une longueur totale de 2 300&nbsp school team uniforms;mètres et une surface de tablier de 19 000 m2. Il est construit autour d’un grand parking d’intérêt régional couplé avec une gare routière.

Deux groupes de trois bretelles permettent d’assurer les échanges entre l’autoroute A3 et la voirie locale d’une part et le boulevard périphérique d’autre part : les deux bretelles B et C se raccordent en entrée sur le boulevard périphérique et les bretelles F et G assurent la sortie vers l’autoroute. La bretelle D raccorde l’autoroute à la voirie locale parisienne intra-muros, au droit de l’avenue Ibsen. La voie H quant à elle se raccorde en entrée sur l’autoroute à partir de l’avenue Cartellier cheapest footy shirts. Ces groupes de bretelles sont bordées par deux bretelles permettant de desservir le parking, N au nord et Q au sud. Cette bretelle sud se subdivise elle-même en trois bretelles permettant d’atteindre les niveaux supérieur, médian et inférieur du parking.

L’organisme de surveillance de la qualité de l’air en Île-de-France Airparif a déployé un ensemble de stations de mesures permanentes qui permettent de quantifier les différents polluants en ces endroits, dresser des cartes de pollution et apprécier l’évolution au cours du temps. Parallèlement, des études spécifiques sont faites pour apprécier la diffusion de ces polluants en fonction de l’éloignement par rapport à la source émettrice. Concernant le boulevard périphérique, une étude a été faite en 2005 aux abords de l’échangeur de la porte de Bagnolet permettant d’apprécier l’impact d’un grand échangeur routier urbain. Cette étude a permis de montrer que l’impact du trafic de l’échangeur était encore identifiable sur les niveaux de dioxyde d’azote à 400 mètres du centre de l’échangeur.

Drew Gordon

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* Points marqués dans chaque club dans le cadre des compétitions nationales et continentales.

Drew Edward Gordon, est un joueur américain de basket-ball né le à San José fabric depiller, Californie (États-Unis). Il évolue au poste d’ailier fort et de pivot. Il est le grand frère d’Aaron Gordon, joueur du Orlando Magic en NBA school team uniforms.

Le 07 août 2015, Drew Gordon, qui était sur les tablettes de plusieurs clubs de Pro A en France, signe au Champagne Châlons-Reims Basket, équipe qui a terminé 12e lors de la saison 2014-2015 et coachée par Nikola Antic.

Auteur d’une saison 2015-2016 remarquable, Gordon termine la saison moyennant 14.0 points, 9.6 rebonds et 1.5 passes décisives pour 19.5 d’évaluation: seconde meilleure moyenne de rebonds par match et d’évaluation individuelle de Pro A. Il aura en outre réalisé 13 double-double lors de cette saison liter glass bottles.

Il fût récompensé pour ses performances du titre de MVP de la quinzième journée et sélectionné pour le All Star Game LNB 2015 se déroulant à l’AccorHotels Arena.

Les records personnels de Drew Gordon, officiellement recensés par la NBA sont les suivants :

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia&nbsp wholesale soccer gear;: